中国对加拿大投资新高潮 CHINA INVESTES IN CANADA

February 10, 2011     
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中国掀起对加拿大投资热潮: 加中政治关系回暖为经济互动增温 (2)
China’s New Wave of Investment in Canada:
The Return of Warm Political Relations Boosts Energy Deals (Part II)

中国重返加拿大能源领域

正如众多中国方面的资料所显示,哈珀政府的政策改变和随之的两国政治关系的进步是中国在加拿大能源和资源领域投资重新开始活跃起来的前奏。在过去一年多以来,中国的国家主权基金和其他一些大石油公司在加拿大的能源、矿业、和资源领域都加大了投资力度。近期中国石油化工股份有限公司对 Syncrude Canada Ltd. 高达46.5亿美元的投资表明了中国方面对加拿大能源市场又开始有了兴趣。中石化在这次交易中购买了康菲石油公司 (ConocoPhillips)在加拿大辛克鲁德油砂生产联合体 (Syncrude Canada Ltd.)9%的股份,是到目前为止中国在阿尔伯塔省的产油领域已获批准的最大一项投资。

中石化2009年12月以19亿加元成功购买了位于北阿尔伯塔的两个油砂项目(Mackay River和Dover)中的多数股权(60%),随后,2010年4月,美国第三大石油公司康菲石油同意以46.5亿美元的价格向中国石化集团国际石油勘探开发有限公司出售其位于加拿大的油砂开发项目——辛克鲁德9.03%的股份。2010年5月,中国投资有限责任公司 (简称“中投”) 斥资12.5亿加元与加拿大畔西能源信托公司(Penn West Energy Trust)设立合资公司。2011年2月,中石油将以54亿加元收购加拿大能源公司 (Encana Corp) 位于加拿大不列颠哥伦比亚省和阿尔伯达省的峻岭油区 (Cutbank Ridge) 50%资产权益. 中石油与Encana将各出资50%投资比例, 通过合资合作方式加大开发力度, 提升天然气产量. 如果成交及获加政府最终批准,此项目将成为中国最大的海外天然气投资之一.

2009年末来,中国也积极在加拿大的矿业进行投资,中投集团与加拿大泰克资源公司 (Teck Resources Limited) 达成协议,出资17.4亿加元(约15亿美元) 购买该公司约17%的股份。中国国家电网公司(China State Grid Corp)的一家子公司出资10亿加元,与加拿大矿业公司 Quadra Mining Ltd. (现为QuadraFNX Mining Ltd.)签署了一个战略合作备忘录。

中国海外直接投资分布 2003-2007
china-in-n-america-investment3

如上所述,国际市场油价波动也部分解释了近期来中国频频出手加拿大能源业的动机。经历了经济危机期间每桶40美元的低谷,国际油价迅速回升并保持在每桶70-80美元的范围。根据相关预测,未来几年油价会上升至每桶80-100美元,这足以证明阿尔伯塔油砂提炼的可持续利润。在我所主持的历届年度中加能源与环境论坛中,中国石油公司所关注的问题都集中于国际石油价格是否会持续上涨,以确保中国在加拿大油砂投资的回报。目前油价的走势似乎已消除了中国公司的大部疑虑,中石化慷慨购买康菲在辛克鲁德油砂生产联合体股份的举动足以证明了中方的自信。

中国公司在加拿大能源业的投资也得益于中国国家银行的支持,例如向大型国有能源及资源企业投放贷款。被资金问题所困的加拿大能源及资源公司当然欢迎如此给力的资金投入。同时,北美股票市场由于经济危机严重受创,中国人因此不会放弃大量购买能源及资源公司股票的绝佳机会。虽然股票市场已大幅度回复,中国仍然相信这是个好时机,他们的投资将在世界经济最终走出危机后得到预期的回报。

(感谢洪农,郁思敏,李纳,王永洁的翻译协助)

本文仅代表作者的个人观点。The opinions expressed in this blog are personal and do not necessarily reflect the views of Global Brief or the Glendon School of Public and International Affairs.

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